Founded approximately in 300 BC by the generals under Alexander the Great, Zeugma is situated in the Nizip town of Gaziantep. The famous mosaics of this ancient city are exhibited in the Zeugma Mosaic Museum.
On the Silk Road that connects China and Antioch, Zeugma is the trading center of the region. Its location as one of the outposts of the Roman Empire has also contributed to its wealth. Today most of this ancient city is covered with water but the excavations fortunately saved most of the artwork.